72-fold Name of God

By Uri Raz

An opening comment - this article was originally written in Hebrew for Hebrew speakers. Hence all verse numbers refer to the bible in Hebrew, and not to any translation of the bible to Hebrew. Where I saw fit, I quoted the KJV translation of the appropriate verses for the benefit of the many English speakers who do not know Hebrew.

Some of the materials I've used for this article were written in English, I brought those materials in the article, or provided links to on-line versions of them.

Yet, in some places I had no reasonable choice to a Hebrew font. I've written the original article with the MS-Windows font most people use in Israel, and which I figure most surfers could easily install as well.



The 72 names are derived from Exodus 14:19-21, which in the original Hebrew have 72 letters each. The original Hebrew text is -

  , , , ; , , ,
  , , , -; - -, -
  -, -, - -, - ; ,

And the KJV version is as following -

19 And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them: 20 And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night. 21 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided.

The names are derived by writing the letters of the three verses one above the other, with no vowel points, spaces, or punctuation marks, the first from right to left, the second from left to right, and the third from right to left. The names are then read top down.

The 72 Names
                  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2

Rabbi Abraham Abulafia describes in his book "Chayey Ha'Olam Ha'Bah" a Qabalistic method of meditating on the 72 names. I will not include the details in this article, but only the method of marking the names with vowel points the letters.

Each Hebrew letter has a name, as do the letters of other languages. In Hebrew, the name of each letter's name starts with that letter, that is Aleph's name starts with an Aleph, Bet's name starts with a Bet, etc. The letters in the 72 fold name of God are given the same vowel points as they are given in the letters' names. As the Aleph in Aleph's name is marked with a Kamatz, all the Alephs in the 72 fold name of God are marked with a Kamatz, etc. The result is given in the following table -

The 72 Names with Vowel Points
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       
                       

In Athanasius Kircher's Oedipus Aegyptiacus there's a table of the 72 names and an appropriate verse from the book of Psalms for each of them, except for the 70th name, which is given the first verse from Genesis.

The logic behind the match is as following - each name is given a verse which contains the 4 letters name of God (YHVH) as well as the three letters of the name itself. If the name contains Yod, Heh, or Vau, they must appear somewhere beside the 4 letter name.

The 70th name is given the first verse from Genesis, which does not contain the 4 letters name of God, but does contain the three letters of the 70th name. Two other names are given verses which in the Hebrew bible (at least the one I have) do not contain the 4 letters name of God, so I brought the version from Oedipus Aegyptiacus as well. The 36th name is given a verse which does not contain the 4 letters name in either the Hebrew bible or the version brought in Oedipus Aegyptiacus.

A translation of the verse to English is available in Mather's article, which appears in in various places, e.g. Zalewski's book given in the bibiliography.

The 72 Names & Verses from the Book of Psalms
Name Verse number Verse in Hebrew Verse from Oedipus Aegyptiacus
Psalms 3:4 , ; , .
Psalms 22:20 , -; , .
Psalms 91:2 --, ; , -.
Psalms 6:5 , ; , .
Psalms 34:5 - ; - .
Psalms 9:12 --, ; , .
Psalms 103:8 ; -.
Psalms 95:6 , ; , - .
Psalms 25:6 - , : .
Psalms 33:22 - : , .
Psalms 18:47 -, ; , .
Psalms 10:1 , ; , .
Psalms 98:4 , -; .
Psalms 9:10 ; , .
Psalms 94:22 ; , .
Psalms 98:2 , ; , .
Psalms 8:2 -- - , -; , -.
Psalms 35:24 , ; --.
Psalms 40:2 ; , .
Psalms 120:1-2 , : -, -- , .
-- , -: .
Psalms 31:15 , ; , .
Psalms 121:5 ; , - .
Psalms 121:8 , - -- , -.
Psalms 33:18 , -; , - .
Psalms 9:2 , -; , -.
Psalms 119:141 -, ; .
Psalms 140:2 , ; .
Psalms 71:12 , - ; (). , - ; , .
Psalms 54:6 , ; , . , ; , .
Psalms 71:5 - ; , .
Psalms 71:16 --, ; .
Psalms 33:4 - -; -, .
Psalms 91:11 --, : - .
Psalms 131:3 , --- , -.
Psalms 116:1 , - -- -, .
Psalms 26:8 --, ; , .
Psalms 90:20 ; , .
Psalms 91:9 - ; , .
Psalms 30:11 - ; , - .
Psalms 98:15 , ; .
Psalms 12:4 , - -- , .
Psalms 121:7 , -: , -.
Psalms 88:14 , ; , .
Psalms 119:108 , - ; .
Psalms 94:18 -, ; , .
Psalms 145:9 - ; , --.
Psalms 92:6 - ; , .
Psalms 98:2 , ; , .
Psalms 145:3 ; , .
Psalms 145:9 ; , -.
Psalms 104:31 ; .
Psalms 7:18 ; , - .
Psalms 119:75 , - ; , .
Psalms 103:19 --, ; , .
Psalms 102:13 , ; , .
Psalms 145:14 , -; , -.
Psalms 115:11 , ; .
Psalms 6:5 , ; () , -.
Psalms 113:3 - --- , .
Psalms 145:17 , -; , -.
Psalms 113:2 -- , -.
Psalms 119:159 , - ; , .
Psalms 100:2 - ; , .
Psalms 33:18 , -; .
Psalms 90:13 , -; , -.
Psalms 38:22 - : , - .
Psalms 37:4 -; -, .
Psalms 106:1 -: --- .
Psalms 16:5 , - -- , .
Gensis 1:1 , , , .
Psalms 109:30 ; .
Psalms 116:7 , : -, .


Astrology, Tarot, and the 72 Names According to the Golden Dawn
Card 1st Angel 2nd Angel Decan
2 Wands Mars Aries
3 Wands Sun
4 Wands Venus
5 Pentacles Mercury Taurus
6 Pentacles Moon
7 Pentacles Saturn
8 Swords Jupiter Gemini
9 Swords Mars
10 Swords Sun
2 Cups Venus Cancer
3 Cups Mercury
4 Cups Moon
5 Wands Saturn Leo
6 Wands Jupiter
7 Wands Mars
8 Pentacles Sun Virgo
9 Pentacles Venus
10 Pentacles Mercury
2 Swords Moon Libra
3 Swords Saturn
4 Swords Jupiter
5 Cups Mars Scorpio
6 Cups Sun
7 Cups Venus
8 Wands Mercury Saggittarius
9 Wands Moon
10 Wands Saturn
2 Pentacles Jupiter Capricorn
3 Pentacles Mars
4 Pentacles Sun
5 Swords Venus Aquarius
6 Swords Mercury
7 Swords Moon
8 Cups Saturn Pisces
9 Cups Jupiter
10 Cups Mars

The attribution is based on Chaldean astrology and a simple running order.

The minor arcana cards (2-10 in each of the four suits) are matched thus - the numbers in the range of 2-10 are matched to 9 consecutive decans starting with the 1st decan of aries, and then repeat themselves 3 more times, and the suit is taken from the decan's sign's elements. Thus the 1st decan of Libra, the cardinal air sign, is assigned 2 of Swords, and the 2th decan of Cancer, 5 decans down the way in a watery sign, is assigned 6 of Cups.

The 72 names are assigned consecutively to 5 degrees of the zodiac, but now starting with Leo, rather than Aries, which is where rosicrucian have the zodiac start. Thus each decan has 2 names assigned to it.

Decan rulers are assigned in a similar fashion - the seven planets are ordered according to their apparent velocity across the fixed stars, and then assigned according to this order in a cyclic order to the decans, starting with the 1st decan of Aries. As there are 7 planets and 36 decans, each planet is assigned to five decans, with Mars assigned to the last remaining decan.

Eliphas Levi has used a different attribution, as in the following table -

Tarot and the 72 Names According to the Eliphas Levi
Card 1st Angel 2nd Angel
Ace Wands
2 Wands
3 Wands
4 Wands
5 Wands
6 Wands
7 Wands
8 Wands
9 Wands
Ace Cups
2 Cups
3 Cups
4 Cups
5 Cups
6 Cups
7 Cups
8 Cups
9 Cups
Ace Swords
2 Swords
3 Swords
4 Swords
5 Swords
6 Swords
7 Swords
8 Swords
9 Swords
Ace Pentacles
2 of Pentacles
3 of Pentacles
4 of Pentacles
5 of Pentacles
6 of Pentacles
7 of Pentacles
8 of Pentacles
9 of Pentacles

Papus, in his book The Tarot of the Bohemains, attributed the minors to the decans, ordering the cards as in the above table and starting with Aries' 1st decan & Ace of Wands and ending with Pisces' 3rd decan & 9 of Pentacles, using the same decan rulers as the Golden Dawn. Combining the two tables would create a French school alternative to the Golden Dawn table.

Powers and Characteristics of the Names
Name Powers and Characteristics
Vehuaiah Subtle spirit. Endowed with great wisdom, enthusiastic for science and the arts, capable of undertaking and accomplishing the most difficult things.
Jeliel To quell popular uprisings. To obtain victory over those who attack unjustly. Sprightly spirit, agreeable and courteous manners, passionate for sex.
Sitael Against adversities. Protects against weapons and wild beasts. Loves truth, will keep his word, will oblige those in need of his services.
Elemiah Against mental troubles and for the identification of traitors. Governs voyages, sea travels. Industrious, successful, keen for travel.
Mahasiah To live in peace with everyone. Governs high science, occult philosophy, theology, the liberal arts. Learns easily, keen for honest pleasures.
Lelahel To acquire knowledge and cure disease. Governs love, renown, science, arts and fortune. Features (include) ambition, fame.
Achaiah Governs patience, secrets of nature. Loves learning, proud to accomplish the most difficult tasks.
Cahetel To obtain the benediction of God and to drive away evil spirits. Governs agricultural production. Inspires man to rise towards God.
Aziel Mercy of God, friendship and favor of the great, execution of a promise made (sic). Governs good faith and reconciliation. Sincere in promises, will easily extend pardon.
Aladiah Good for those guilty of hidden crimes and fearing discovery. Governs rage and pestilence, cure of disease. Good health, successful in his undertakings.
Lauviah Against lightning and for the obtainment (sic) of victory. Governs renown. Great personage, learned, celebrated for personal talents.
Hahaiah Against adversity. Governs dreams. Mysteries hidden from mortals. Gentle, witty, discreet manners.
Iezalel Governs friendship, reconciliation, conjugal fidelity. Learns easily. Adroit.
Mebahel Against those who seek to usurp the fortunes of others. Governs justice, truth, liberty. Delivers the oppressed and protects prisoners. Loves jurisprudence, affinity for law courts.
Hariel Against the impious. Governs sciences and arts. Religious sentiments, morally pure.
Hakamiah Against traitors and for deliverance from those who seek to oppress us (sic). Governs crowned heads, great captains. Gives victory. Frank, loyal, brave character, sensitive to points of honour, an affinity for Venus.
Lauviah To be invoked while fasting. Against mental anguish, sadness. Governs high sciences, marvelous discoveries. Gives revelations in dreams. Loves music, poetry, literature and philosophy.
Caliel To obtain prompt aid. Makes truth known in law suits, causes innocence to triumph. Just, honest, loves truth, judiciary.
Leuviah To be invoked while facing South. To obtain the grace of God. Governs memory, human intelligence. Amiable, lively, modest, bearing of adversity with resignation.
Pahaliah Against enemies of religion, for the conversion of nations to Christianity (!). Governs religion, theology, morality, chastity, purity. Ecclesiastical vocation.
Nelebael Against calumniators and spells and for the destruction of evil spirits. Governs astronomy, mathematics, geography and all abstract sciences. Loves poetry, literature, avid for study.
Ieiael Governs fortune, renown, diplomacy, commerce, influence on voyages, discoveries, protection against storms and shipwreck. Loves business, industriousness, liberal and philanthropic ideas.
Melahel Against weapons and for safety in travel. Governs water, produce of the earth, and especially plants necessary for the cure of disease. Courageous, accomplishes honorable actions.
Hahuiah To obtain the grace and mercy of God. Governs exiles, fugitives, defaulters. Protects against harmful animals. Preserves from thieves and assassins. Loves truth, the exact sciences, sincere in word and deed.
Nith-Haiah For the acquisition of wisdom and the discovery of the truth of hidden mysteries. Governs occult sciences. Gives revelations in dreams, particularly to those born on the day over which he presides. Influences those who practice the magic of the sages.
Haaiah For the winning of a law suit. Protects those who search after truth. Influences politics, diplomats, secret expeditions and agents.
Jerathel To confound wrong-doers and liars and for deliverance from one's enemies. Governs propagation of light (sic), civilization. Love (sic) peace, justice, science and arts; special affinity for literature.
Seeiah Against infirmities and thunder, protects against fire, the ruin of buildings, falls and illnesses. Governs health, simplicity. Has much judgment.
Reiiel Against the impious and enemies of religion; for deliverance from all enemies both visible and invisible. Virtue and zeal for the propagation of truth, will do his utmost to destroy impiety.
Ornael Against sorrow, despair and for the acquisition of patience. Governs animal kingdom, watches over the generation of beings. Chemists, doctors, surgeons. Affinity for anatomy and medicine.
Lecabel For the acquisition of knowledge. Governs vegetation and agriculture. Loves astronomy, mathematics and geometry.
Vasariah Against those who attack us (sic) in court. Governs justice. Good memory, articulate.
Iehuiah For the identification of traitors.
Lehahiah Against anger. Known for his talents and acts, the confidence and fervor of his prayers.
Chevakiah To regain the favor of those one has offended. Governs testaments, successions and all private financial agreements. Loves to live in peace with everyone. Loves rewarding the loyalty of those in his service.
Menadel To retain one's employment and to preserve one's means of livelihood. Against calumny and for the deliverance of prisoners.
Aniel To obtain victory and stop the siege of a city. Governs sciences and arts. Reveals the secrets of nature, inspires philosophers, sages. Distinguished savant.
Haamiah For the acquisition of all the treasures of heaven and earth. Against fraud, weapons, wild beasts and infernal spirits. Governs all that relates to God.
Rehael For the healing of the sick. Governs health and longevity. Influences paternal and filial affection.
Ieiazel For the deliverance of prisoners, for consolation, for deliverance from one's enemies. Governs printing and books. Men of letters and artists.
Hahahel Against the impious, slanderers. Governs Christianity. Greatness of soul, energy. Consecrated to the service of God.
Mikael For safety in travel. For the discovery of conspiracies. Concerned with political affairs, diplomatic.
Veuahiah For the destruction of the enemy and deliverance from bondage. Love glory and the military.
Ielahiah Success of a useful undertaking. Protection against magistrates. Trials. Protects against armies, gives victory. Fond of travel and learning. All his undertakings are crowned with success; distinguished for military capabilities and courage.
Sealiah To confound the wicked and the proud, to exalt the humiliated and the fallen. Governs vegetation. Loves learning, much aptitude.
Ariel To procure revelations. To thank God for the good he sends us. Discovers hidden treasure, reveals the greatest secrets of nature, causes the object of one's desire to be seen in dreams. Strong subtle mind, new and sublime thoughts, discreet, circumspect.
Asaliah For the praising of God and the growing towards him when he enlightens us. Governs justice, makes the truth known in legal proceedings. Agreeable character, avid for the acquisition of secret knowledge.
Michael For the preservation of peace and the union of man and wife. Protects those who address themselves to him, gives premonitions and secret inspirations. Governs generation of beings. Avid for love, fond of walks and pleasures in general.
Vehuel Sorrow, contrariness. For the exaltation of oneself for the benediction and glory of God. Sensitive and generous soul. Literature, jurisprudence, diplomacy.
Daniel To obtain the mercy of God and consolation. Governs justice, lawyers, solicitors. Furnishes conclusions to those who hesitate. Industrious and active in business, loves literature and is distinguished for eloquence.
Hahasiah For the elevation of the soul and the discovery of the mysteries of wisdom. Governs chemistry and physics. Reveals the secret of the Philosopher's Stone and universal medicine. Loves abstract science. Devoted to the discovery of the properties of animals, plants and minerals. Distinguished in medicine.
Imamiah Destroys the power of enemies and humbles them. Governs voyages in general, protects prisoners who turn to him and gives them the means of obtaining their freedom. Forceful, vigorous temperament, bears adversity with patience and courage. Fond of work.
Nanael Governs the high sciences. Melancholy humor, avoids rest, meditation, well-versed in the abstract sciences.
Nithael To obtain the mercy of God and live long. Emperor, king, and prince. Renowned for writings and eloquence, of great reputation among the learned.
Mabaiah Beneficial for obtaining consolation and compensations. Governs morality and religion. Distinguished by good deeds and piety.
Poiel For the fulfillment of one's request. Governs renown, fortune and philosophy. Well esteemed by everyone for his modesty and agreeable humor.
Nemmamiah For general prosperity and the deliverance of prisoners. Governs great captains. Drawn to the military; distinguished for activity and the courageous bearing of fatigue.
Ieialel Protects against sorrow and care and heals the sick, especially afflictions of the eyes. Influences iron and those in commerce. Brave, frank, affinity for Venus.
Harahel Against the sterility of women and to make children obedient to their parents. Governs treasure and banks. Printing, books. Love of learning, successful in business (especially money market).
Mizrael For the cure of mental illness and deliverance from those who persecute us. Virtuous, longevity.
Umabel To obtain the friendship of a given person. Fond of travel and honest pleasures; sensitive heart.
Iah-hel For the acquisition of wisdom. Governs philosophers, illuminati. Loves tranquility and solitude, modest, virtuous.
Anianuel For the conversion of nations to Christianity. Protects against accidents, heals the sick. Governs commerce, banking. Subtle and ingenious, industrious and active.
Mehiel Against adversities. Protects against rabies and wild beasts. Governs savants, professors, orators and others. Distinguished in literature.
Damabiah Against magic spells and for the obtainment (sic) of wisdom and the undertaking of successful ventures. Governs seas, rivers, springs, sailors. Sailor; amasses a considerable fortune.
Manakel For the appeasement of the anger of God and for the healing of epilepsy. Governs vegetation, aquatic animals. Influences dreams. Gentleness of character.
Itaiel To obtain consolation in adversity and for the acquisition of wisdom. Influences occult science. Makes the truth known to those who call on him in their work. Enlightened requirements of the spirit of God. Fond of solitude, distinguished in higher sciences.
Chabuiah For the preservation of health and the healing of the sick. Governs agriculture and fecundity. Fond of the countryside, hunting, gardens and all that is related to agriculture.
Rochel To find lost or stolen objects and discover the person responsible. Distinguished in the judiciary, morals and customs of all peoples.
Iabamiah Governs the generation of beings and phenomena of nature. Protects those who wish to progress spiritually. Distinguished by genius; one of the great lights of philosophy.
Haiel To confound the wicked and for deliverance from those who seek to oppress us (sic). Protects those who call upon him. Influences fire. Brave.
Mumiah A divine talisman should be prepared under favorable influences with the name of the spirit on the reverse side. Protects in mysterious operations, brings success in all things. Governs chemistry, physics and medicine. Influences health and longevity. Doctor.

Meanings of the Names, from G.D.
Name Meaning Name Meaning Name Meaning
Vehuaiah God the Exalter Jeliel Strength Sitael Refuge, Fortress, Confidence
Elemiah Concealed, saving Mahasiah Seeking safety from trouble Lelahel Praiseworthy, declaring
Achaiah Long suffering Cahetel Adorable Aziel Merciful
Aladiah Profitable Lauviah Meet to be exalted Hahaiah Refuge
Iezalel Rejoicing over all things Mebahel Guardian and preserver Hariel Aid
Hakamiah Raise up, praying day and night Lauviah Is Wonderful Caliel Worthy to be invoked. Just to me.
Leuviah Hastening to hear Pahaliah Redeemer, liberator Nelebael Thou alone
Ieiael Thy right hand Melahel Turning away evil Hahuiah Goodness in Himself. Trust in Thy mercy.
Nith-Haiah Wide in extent, the enlarger, wonderful. Haaiah Heaven in secret Jerathel Deliver
Seeiah Taker away of Evils Reiiel Expectation Ornael Patience
Lecabel Teacher Vasariah Upright Iehuiah Knower of all things
Lehahiah Clement, merciful Chevakiah To be rejoiced in Menadel Honourable
Aniel Lord of Virtues Haamiah Hope of all the ends of the Earth Rehael Swift to condone
Ieiazel Making joyful Hahahel Triune Mikael Who is like unto Him
Veuahiah King and Ruler Ielahiah Abiding for ever Sealiah Mover of all things
Ariel Revealer Asaliah Just Judge Michael Sending Forth as a father
Vehuel Great and Lofty Daniel Merciful Judge Hahasiah Secret and Impenetrable
Imamiah Covered in darkness Nanael Caster down of the Proud Nithael Celestial King
Mabaiah Eternal Poiel Supporting all Things Nemmamiah Lovable
Ieialel Hearer of cries Harahel Permeating all Things Mizrael Raising up the oppressed
Umabel The name which is over all Iah-hel Supreme Ens or essence Anianuel Rejoicing
Mehiel Vivifying Damabiah Fountain of Wisdom Manakel Nourishing All
Itaiel Delights of the Sons of men Chabuiah Most Liberal Giver Rochel Beholding all
Iabamiah Producing by His Word Haiel Lord of the Universe Mumiah End of the Universe

The Seals of the 72 Names

Those seals were taken from the Arsenal 2495 manuscript attributed to Blaise de Vigenere, parts of which can be seen at this post from A Journey Into Ceremonial Magick blog. I know not the logic used to create those seals. Robert Ambelain warns in his book that, based on his personal experience, those seals represent the mirror images of the angel's powers, and thus of evil powers. I brought the seals for completeness' sake, with a warning to those who intend to put the seals to use.


Bibliography

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